Years 5 & 6
In upper Key Stage 2 locational knowledge is revised and built upon allowing the children to understand and compare how some aspects of these locations have changed over time. Children are taught to develop their understanding of geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region on the United Kingdom including but not exclusive to a study of Clacton as well as a study of a region within North or South America- Brazil.
Children identify the position of latitude, longitude, the Equator, the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, the Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including night and day) and their significance.
Key aspects of physical geography taught in upper Key Stage 2 include mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes. Key aspects of human geography taught include trade links and the distributions of natural resources.