In Nursery, Reception and Year 1, the children will learn phonics, linking sounds to letters to begin to be able to both read and write an increasingly wide range of words. As they move forward through Key Stage 1 and into Key Stage 2, the children will move on to focusing on spelling: making choices about which graphemes (groups of letters) to use to spell words accurately. They will also have to learn a number of tricky or high-frequency words that are not phonically regular.
Explore the high-frequency and tricky words that your child will cover within the phonics phases.
In Key Stage 2, the objectives for spelling cover two years at a time. Lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) and Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) will cover a series of spelling rules, alongside learning a list of statutory words. The lists are a mixture of words pupils frequently use in their writing and those which they often misspell. Some of the words may can be quite challenging, so may be revisited to build confidence.